Did You Know?
Pacman was born in 2014 to Scarlett and has since been learning how to feed in Oregon’s complex coastal waters.

About Pacman

Pacman gets her name from the recognizable spot on her left side that looks like everyone’s favorite arcade game from the 80’s: Pac-man! Except we sometimes call her Ms. Pacman, since she is a female born to the famous Scarlett in 2014. Pacman is an example of successful “recruitment” to the PCFG population since she has returned to the Oregon coast many times since her birth. Across our many sightings of Pacman we have often seen her foraging in very close proximity to several older whales, including her mother Scarlett and Orange Knuckles, suggesting that she may be trying to copy and master complex feeding behaviors from more seasoned PCFG whales. These whales feed in shallow reef and kelp areas where capturing zooplankton prey is tricky, so whales perform cool but complicated feeding behaviors like side swimming, jaw snapping, and bubble-blasting, which probably take some practice to get right. We have watched Pacman repeat these behaviors right after nearby older whales performed the behavior (see image to the right), hinting that she is practicing and learning how to be a successful PCFG gray whale.

Facts and Figures

How to Identify Pacman:

Look for that iconic Pacman spot on her left side
Pacman's right side has many circular marks which are caused by barnacles after they fall off
Pacman's Health History
We started measuring Pacman in 2019 when she was 5 years old, and we can see that she improved her body condition (BAI) throughout the foraging season. Yet in 2021 it appears that Pacman struggled to gain as much weight during the foraging season and this may be due to overall poor environmental and prey conditions in 2021. Juvenile whales are still learning how to survive in the wild and on their own, so they may struggle more than adults to forage successfully.

We fly drones over whales and then measure how skinny or fat they are from the images we capture. We compare the body condition of whales using an index called the Body Area Index (BAI), which is like the Body Mass Index (BMI) used to compare the body condition of humans. Small BAI values mean the whale is skinnier and larger BAI values indicate the whale is fatter.